Southern Florida Reef-fish Visual Survey


How is it funded, who administers it?


Why was the survey originally designed?


What are/were the intended outcomes/objectives?


Describe the temporal and spatial coverage of the survey.

Show the geographic coverage (including depth) of the survey (maps are helpful)

How often is the survey conducted (annually, biennially, biannually etc)?

Is it seasonal?


Describe the underlying experimental design

Fixed site or stratified-random (If stratified-random, describe the strata)?

Describe allocation of sites per strata (proportional/weighted?) and number of sites


Describe the methodology and gear


Describe the outputs of the survey

Describe the data outputs & include a discussion of the variance structure of the data


Self-Evaluation of pros and cons of Survey

What suite of species does this survey target (what are gaps)?

What are the gear/method biases (catchability, size selectivity)?

What are the temporal/spatial limitations?

Is this survey expected to continue into the future?

It is relatively expensive/inexpensive, logistically difficult/easy?


Self-Evaluation of utility of survey for generating information for stock assessment

Spatial/Temporal coverage

Data generated: length frequency, spawning stock biomass, mortality etc.


Provide any other information that may be relevant to this discussion

Provide most relevant documentation (w/PDFs or hyperlinks if possible)

Bohnsack, J.A., Bannerot, S.P., 1986. A stationary visual census technique for quantitatively assessing community structure of coral reef fishes. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 41.

Bohnsack, J.A., McClellan, D.B., Harper, D.E., Davenport, G.S., Konoval, G.J., Eklund, A.M., Contillo, J.P., Bolden, S.K., Fischel, P.C., Sandorf, G.S., Javech, J.C., White, M.W., Pickett, M.H., Hulsbeck, M.W., Tobias, J.L., Ault, J.S., Meester, G.A., Smith, S.G., Luo., J., 1999. Baseline data for evaluating reef fish populations in the Florida Keys.  NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SEFSC-427.

Brandt, M.E., N. Zurcher, A. Acosta, J.S. Ault, J.A. Bohnsack, M.W. Feeley, D.E. Harper, J.H. Hunt, T. Kellison, D.B. McClellan, M.E. Patterson and S.G. Smith.  2009.  A cooperative multi-agency reef fish monitoring protocol for the Florida Keys coral reef ecosystem. Natural Resource Report NPS/SFCN/NRR—2009/150.  National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Peer Review Publications

Bohnsack, J.A., 1982.  Effects of piscivorous predator removal on coral reef fish community structure, in: Cailliet, G.M., Simenstad, C.A. (Eds.), Gutshop’81: Fish Food Habits Studies. Proc. Third Pacific Tech. Workshop, Washington Sea Grant, University of Washington, Seattle, pp. 258‑267.

Ault, J.S., Bohnsack, J.A., Meester, G.A., 1998. A retrospective (1979-1996) multispecies assessment of coral reef fish stocks in the Florida Keys. Fish. Bull. (Wash. D.C.) 96, 395-414.

Franklin, E.C., J.S. Ault, S.G. Smith, J. Luo, G.A. Meester, G.A. Diaz, M. Chiappone, D.W. Swanson, S.L. Miller and J.A. Bohnsack. 2003. Benthic habitat mapping in the Tortugas region, Florida. Marine Geodesy 26: 19-34.

Meester, G.A., A. Mehrotra, J.S. Ault, and E.K. Baker. 2004. Designing marine reserves for fishery management. Management Science 50(8): 1031-1043.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith and J.A. Bohnsack. 2005. Evaluation of average length as an estimator of exploitation status for the Florida coral-reef fish community. ICES Journal of Marine    Science 62: 417-423.

Ault, J.S., J.A. Bohnsack, S.G. Smith, and J. Luo. 2005. Towards sustainable multispecies fisheries in the Florida USA coral reef ecosystem. Bulletin of Marine Science 76(2): 595-622.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith, J.A. Bohnsack, J. Luo, D.E. Harper and D.B. McClellan. 2006. Building sustainable fisheries in Florida’s coral reef ecosystem: positive signs in the Dry Tortugas. Bulletin of Marine Science 78: 633-654.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith, J. Luo, M.E. Monaco and R.S. Appeldoorn. 2008. Length-based assessment of sustainability benchmarks for coral reef fishes in Puerto Rico.  Environmental Conservation 35: 221-231.

Bartholomew, A., Bohnsack, J.A., Smith, S.G., Ault, J.S., Harper, D.E., McClellan, D.B. 2008. Influence of marine reserve size and boundary length on the initial response of exploited reef fishes in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, USA. Landscape    Ecology 23(Suppl. 1): 55-65.

Smith, S.G., J.S. Ault, J.A. Bohnsack, D.E. Harper, J. Luo and D.B. McClellan. 2011. Multispecies survey design for assessing reef-fish stocks, spatially-explicit management performance, and ecosystem condition. Fisheries Research 109: 25-41.

Ruttenberg, B.I., P.J. Schofield, J.L. Akins, A. Acosta, M.W. Feeley, J. Blondeau, S.G. Smith and J.S. Ault. 2012. Rapid invasion of Indo-Pacific lionfishes (Pterois volitans and Pterois miles) in the Florida Keys, USA: evidence from multiple pre- and post-invasion data sets. Bulletin of Marine Science 88: 1051-1059.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith, J.A. Bohnsack, J. Luo, N. Zurcher, D.B. McClellan, T.A. Ziegler, D.E. Hallac, M. Patterson, M.W. Feeley, B.I. Ruttenberg, J. Hunt, D. Kimball and B. Causey. 2013. Assessing coral reef fish population and community changes in response to marine reserves in the Dry Tortugas, Florida, USA. Fisheries Research 144: 28-37.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith, J. Browder, W. Nuttle, E.C. Franklin, J. Luo, G.T. DiNardo and J.A. Bohnsack. 2014. Indicators for assessing the ecological dynamics and sustainability of southern Florida’s coral reef and coastal fisheries. Ecological Indicators 44: 164-172.