Gulf of Mexico Bryde's Whales
Scientific name: Balaenoptera edeni 

The Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s (pronounced BROO-dus) whale is the only year round resident baleen whale (filter feeder) in the Gulf of Mexico. This Bryde’s whale has been found to be genetically distinct from the other two recognized subspecies of Bryde’s whales worldwide, Eden’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni edeni) and Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni brydei). The Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whale has been consistently located in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico in the De Soto canyon area, along the continental shelf break between 100 m and 300 m depth. Its current population size is estimated to be less than 100 individuals. In their limited geographic range, this small population of whales is most significantly threatened by oil exploration, production, and spills, vessel strikes, and anthropogenic noise. While the Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whales are protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) here is currently a proposed rule to list these whales as ‘endangered’ under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). This listing would help to protect the remaining population and aid in the recovery of the Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whale.

Contact Us

For questions about Gulf of Mexico Bryde's whales, contact the Protected Resources Division: 

Phone: 727-824-5312

Learn more about the identification, genetics, behavior, and distribution of the Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whale.

 Information about the main threats to Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whales.

Educational resources and links to educate and inspire conservation of Gulf of Mexico Bryde’s whales.  

For more information on the Global Population of Bryde's Whales, visit:

NOAA Fisheries Bryde’s Whale (Balaenoptera edeni)