Elkhorn coral

Acropora palmata  


Staghorn coral

Acropora cervicornis


Star corals

Montastraea annularis complex    


Pillar coral

Dendrogyra cylindrus

Rough Cactus

Rough Cactus coral

Activities in the Central Valley

Protected Caribbean Corals Program

Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

On September 10, 2014, NOAA Fisheries published a final rule listing 20 coral species as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). In the Southeast there are now seven corals listed as threatened. Fifteen new corals are listed as threatened in the Pacific. Because the ESA Section 9 prohibitions are not automatically applied to species listed as threatened, we are considering proposing a protective regulation under section 4(d) of the ESA that are necessary and advisable to provide for the conservation of these 20 coral species. As such, on January 12, 2015, we filed an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that is intended to alert other agencies and the public to our planning efforts and request public input that will assist in identifying actions and activities that may impact the status of these corals to provide for the conservation of the species, as well as information on the existence and efficacy of on-going conservation activities. This information will help inform our evaluation of what, if any, protective regulations are necessary and advisable for the conservation of these species. Please see the Federal Register Notice linked above for instructions on submitting relevant information; the deadline for submission is February 10, 2015.

NOAA Fisheries works to protect and preserve corals and coral reefs by addressing the threats that are causing their decline. Caribbean species as “threatened” include elkhorn coral, staghorn coral, lobed star coral, knobby star coral, mountainous star coral, pillar coral, and rough cactus coral.

Learn more about staghorn coral.

Learn more about threats facing corals.

Report a coral sighting, learn about legal protections, and learn how to act responsibly around corals. 

Learn more about elkhorn coral.

Learn how you can help protect corals and coral reefs

More Information