Coral Essential Fish Habitat for the Gulf of Mexico

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
Publication_Date: 20040301
Title: Coral Essential Fish Habitat for the Gulf of Mexico
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council. 2004. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Generic Amendment to the following fishery management plans of the Gulf of Mexico: Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Red Drum Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Reef Fish Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Stone Crab Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Coral and Coral Reef Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Spiny Lobster Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic; Coastal Migratory Pelagic Resources of the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic. Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council, The Commons at Rivergate, 3018 U.S.Highway301 N., Suite 1000, Tampa, Florida 33619.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/>
Online_Linkage: <http://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov/maps_gis_data/>
Description:
Abstract:
Essential fish habitat (EFH) for Gulf of Mexico Corals consists of the following waters and substrate areas in the Gulf of Mexico: the total distribution of coral species and life stages throughout the Gulf of Mexico including: coral reefs in the North and South Tortugas Ecological Reserves, East and West Flower Garden Banks, McGrail Bank, and the southern portion of Pulley Ridge; hard bottom areas scattered along the pinnacles and banks from Texas to Mississippi, at the shelf edge and at the Florida Middle Grounds, the southwest tip of the Florida reef tract, and predominant patchy hard bottom offshore of Florida from approximately Crystal River south to the Florida Keys. Essential fish habitat (EFH) consists of known distributions of species in the fishery management unit (GMFMC 2004). Location of coral, dated 2014, is based on the 2005 identification and description of EFH for Coral and Coral Reefs.
Purpose:
The purpose of these data is to visually represent the textual description of the overall extent of EFH for the Coral Fishery Management Plan which contains all species of the class Hydrozoa and the class Anthozoa.
Supplemental_Information:
Section 303(a)(7) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Management and Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq) requires the National Marine Fisheries Service and regional fishery management councils to (1) describe and identify EFH for managed fisheries; (2) minimize to the extent practicable the adverse effects of fishing on such EFH; and (3) encourage the conservation and enhancement of such EFH.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20040301
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -97.318499
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.386780
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.013123
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.409805
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: EIS
Theme_Keyword: habitat
Theme_Keyword: essential fish habitat
Theme_Keyword: Hydrozoa
Theme_Keyword: fishery management plan
Theme_Keyword: Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act
Theme_Keyword: EFH
Theme_Keyword: Anthozoa
Theme_Keyword: environmental impact statement
Theme_Keyword: coral
Theme_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information Systems
Place_Keyword: southeast U.S.
Place_Keyword: Alabama
Place_Keyword: Texas
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: Mississippi
Place_Keyword: Louisiana
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexcio
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Users are advised that the spatial representation of essential fish habitat is for informational purposes only and should not be solely relied on for regulatory purposes. Implementing regulations [50 CFR 600.815(a)(1)(iv)(B)] specify if there are differences between the descriptions of EFH in text and maps the textual description is ultimately determinative of the limits of EFH as described in the Amendment (GMFMC 2005)
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
Contact_Person: Essential Fish Habitat Coordinator
Contact_Position: Habitat Conservation Division
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 263 13th Avenue South
City: Saint Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-824-5317
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-824-5300
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: david.dale@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00-4:30
Data_Set_Credit:
MRAG Americas and GIS Solutions, Inc. completed the GIS analysis and produced maps for the EIS and Amendment. 2014 coral locations for Florida Keys taken from Unified Florida Reef Tract provided by FWC-FWRI (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission-Fish and Wildlife Research Institute), and for the Texas banks from H. Nash and Gulf of Mexico Fishery Managment Council.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.2.1.3497
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA National Ocean Service
Publication_Date: 19851201
Title:
Gulf of Mexico Coastal and Ocean Zones Strategic Assessment: Data Atlas
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: atlas
Other_Citation_Details:
Cite as: NOAA, 1985. Gulf of Mexico Coastal and Ocean Zones Strategic Assessment: Data Atlas. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Strategic Environmental Assessment Division, Rockville, MD December 1985.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
Originator: NOAA National Marine Fisheries Serivce, Southeast Region
Publication_Date: 20050301
Title:
Generic Amendment Number Three for Addressing Essential Fish Habitat Requirements for the Fishery Management Plans of the Gulf of Mexico.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tampa, Florida
Publisher: Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council
Other_Citation_Details:
Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council. 2005. Generic Amendment Number 3 for Addressing Essential Fish Habitat Requirements, Habitat Areas of Particular Concern, and Adverse Effects of Fishing in the following Fishery Management Plans of the Gulf of Mexico: Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Red Drum Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Reef Fish Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Stone Crab Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Coral and Coral Reef Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, Spiny Lobster Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic, Coastal Migratory Pelagic Resources of the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic. Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council, The Commons at Rivergate, 3018 U.S.Highway301 N., Suite 1000, Tampa, Florida 33619.

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable
Completeness_Report:
The purpose of these data is to visually represent the textual description of the overall extent of EFH for the Coral Fishery Management Plan which contains all species of the class Anthozoa and the class Hydrozoa. Seven species of coral of the class Hydrozoa and 311 species of the class Anthozoa are referred to specifically in the fishery management plan as occuring in the Gulf of Mexico and/or South Atlantic waters.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The Functional Relationship Analysis in GMFMC 2004 was utilized to select habitat polygons that fit within the criteria identified that each species and lifestage utilizes in growth to maturity. Each habitat polygon was selected or not selected based upon each variable. EFH maps were derived selecting higher density polygons from the Functional Relationship Analysis from species and lifestages in which no density information was available from the NOAA Atlas (i.e. if species and lifestage density was represented by a map in the NOAA Atlas, that species and lifestage was not incorporated into the mapping). The following data were used to create these data: Seagrass from Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI) and Texas Natural Resources Information System (TNRIS), Marshes from FWRI and US Geological Survey, Mangroves from FWRI, Oysters from FWRI and TNRIS, Coral from FWRI, Coral from the NOAA Data Atlas, and Summarized Sediments. Bathymetry from FWRI. Bathymetry depth contours were acquired from the Florida Marine Resource Institute (FMRI). Each EFH boundary was clipped south of the EEZ along the Texas/Mexico boarder and south of the Gulf of Mexico/South Atlantic Fisheries Management Council boundary along the Florida Keys. The intercoucnil boundary (along the Florida Keys) was generated from legal descriptions downloaded from the Federal Register. An adjustment was made for Grand Lake and White Lake in southwest Louisiana, which were initially mis-identified as estuarine and later re-classified as non-estuarine, based on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Wetlands Inventory data. Thus, those lake were not considered for identification as EFH for red drum, reef fish, coastal migratory pelagics, shrimp and stone crab fishery management units. Several layers with the selected polygons were mapped as a composite represention of EFH for each fishery management unit. The maps depicting these density and habitat utilization data were deliberated by the GMFMC in developing the textual (regulatory) descriptions of essential fish habitat for Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Plans.
Process_Date: unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Photo Science (formerly GIS Solutions)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 10033 MLK Street North, Suite 200
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33716
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 7275769500
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 7275769600
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Hardcopy maps from the NOAA Atlas (NOAA, 1985) were scanned by Greenhorne & O'Mara to a high resolution (300 dpi) TIFF image. Each digital image then underwent geo-rectification. The polygonal data were digitized and converted to shapefiles.
Process_Date: unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: MRAG Americas
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 10051 5th Street North, Suite 105
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33702
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 7275639070
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 7275630207
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The layers representing the composite EFH were merged into a single shapefile for each fishery management unit. The new shapefile was reprojected to NAD 1983 Albers and edited to match the textual identification and description of EFH using ArcGIS' editing environment. Any inland water bodies mistakenly included in the previously delivered layers were extracted also using the "Edit Clip" function in ArcGIS' editing environment. In order to fill the gaps within the EFH that were caused by previous digitizing errors, a large overlapping polygon was created inside of the existing EFH boundaries. This polygon was digitized manually to cover from just inside of the seaward boundary to the northern extent of the EFH. After filling in the gaps, any "dangling" polygons extending beyond the seaward boundary were identifed and removed. To obtain a single feature representing the entire EFH for each fishery management unit, the updated EFH was clipped to a master polygon representing the extent of the entire Gulf of Mexico. Once this clip was completed, the result was a "dissolved" polygon consisting of one feature rather than 10-40 thousand individual polygons. The new EFH polygon was then clipped to the land boundary feature using the ArcGIS' editing environment. This resulted in an EFH polygon that is exactly coinicident with the land boundary. During the creation of these data, the land boundary (coast line) feature used was "camra_mrgis_gulf_shore_100.shp" (1:100,000) from FWC/FMRI (Florida Fish Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Marine Research Institute) . Finally, the area in square kilometers and the perimeter in meters was calculated in ArcGIS and listed in the EFH attribute table for each fishery management unit.
Process_Date: 20080101
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: National Coastal Data Development Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Building 1100, Suite 101
City: Stenis Space Center
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39529
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 228-688-2936
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 228-688-2010
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ncddc@noaa.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Location of coral, dated 2014, is based on the 2005 identification and description of EFH for Coral and Coral Reefs. The Unified Florida Reef Tract data from FWC/FMRI (<http://myfwc.com/research/>) was merged with the 2005 coral EFH layer, and clipped to the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic council boundary. The Texas bank data was delineated from sidescan sonar by H. Nash and Gulf of Mexico Fishery Managment Council staff, and replaced the coral areas in the 2005 coral EFH layer.
Process_Date: 20140530
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Contact_Person: GIS Coordinator
Contact_Position: GIS Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 263 13th Ave S
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-824-5312
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-824-5309
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.ser.gis.coordinator@noaa.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: GT-polygon composed of chains
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 3974

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 8.9831528411952133e-009
Longitude_Resolution: 8.9831528411952133e-009
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D North American 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS 1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Coral_EFH_GOM
Entity_Type_Definition: Esri description of data type
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID_UFRT_K
Attribute_Definition: ID from Unified Florida Reef Track data
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition: Original mapping project reference
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Zone
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GeoForm
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values
Attribute_Definition_Source: Original source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GeoformDet
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for Geoform Detail
Attribute_Definition_Source: Original source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GeoformD_1
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for Geoform Detail2
Attribute_Definition_Source: Original source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: BioCover
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for Bio Cover
Attribute_Definition_Source: Orginal source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: BioCoverDe
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for bio cover detail
Attribute_Definition_Source: Orginal source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PercentBio
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for percent bio cover
Attribute_Definition_Source: Orginal source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PercentCor
Attribute_Definition:
This field retains the original source data classification values for percent coral cover
Attribute_Definition_Source: Orginal source layer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CMECS_Geo
Attribute_Definition: CMECS Geoform cross-walk
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CMECS_Bio
Attribute_Definition: CMECS Biological Cover cross-walk
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ClassLv0
Attribute_Definition:
Unified Classification Level 0. This is the coarsest (most general) thematic level.
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ClassLv1
Attribute_Definition: Unified Classification Level 1
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ClassLv2
Attribute_Definition: Unified Classification Level 2
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ClassLv3
Attribute_Definition: Unified Classification Level 3
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ClassLv4
Attribute_Definition:
Unified Classification Level 4. This is the most detailed thematic classification level.
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AggKey
Attribute_Definition: Aggregation Key
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Bio_des
Attribute_Definition: Biogeographic Description
Attribute_Definition_Source: FWC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Ancil1
Attribute_Definition: Ancillary Information detailing integration edits
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Ancil2
Attribute_Definition: Ancillary Information detailing integration edits
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AncilNotes
Attribute_Definition: Ancillary Information detailing integration edits
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Area_Name
Attribute_Definition: name of Texas coral bank
Attribute_Definition_Source: Nash
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Id
Attribute_Definition: unique identifier
Attribute_Definition_Source: corresponds to FID

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140605
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA National Marine Fisheries Serivce
Contact_Person: Essential Fish Habitat Coordinator
Contact_Position: Essential Fish Habitat Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: unknown
City: Saint Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-824-5317
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00-4:30 Eastern
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

Generated by mp version 2.9.12 on Thu Jun 05 16:36:48 2014